How to create an array of numbers 1 to N in python

An array is a collection of elements of the same data type stored in contiguous memory locations. In Python, lists are used to achieve array-like functionality. They offer flexibility by accommodating different data types within a single list. In this article, we will explore a variety of techniques to create an array containing numbers from 1 to N in Python.

To create an array of numbers 1 to N in python, you can use various methods. The simplest is using the range() function, specifying the desired range. Alternatively, NumPy’s arange() function offers flexibility and supports floating-point values. Another approach is creating a user-defined function for custom array creation. The Python array module provides a straightforward method for creating arrays with specific data types. Each method caters to different needs, offering Python developers diverse options for efficient array creation and manipulation. Lets discuss these methods along with examples in detail.

If you want to learn more about Python Programming, visit Python Programming Tutorials.

Create an array of Numbers using the range() Function

The simplest way to create an array of numbers 1 to N in Python is by using the range() function. This function generates a sequence of numbers with a specified starting and ending point.


range(start, stop, step)
startOptionalRepresents the starting value of sequence. Default value is 0.
stopRequiredRepresents the ending value (exclusive) of sequence.
stepOptionalRepresents the step size of sequence which defaults to 1 if not specified

Specify the range from 1 to N+1 within the function to include the endpoint. It returns a range object, consisting of a sequence of numbers starting from start, up to but not including stop, incrementing by step.

#Creation of an array using Range() Function
array_of_numbers = range(1,8)

range(1, 8)

To access the elements of the range object, you can use a for loop or list comprehension. Using a for loop, iterate over the elements of a range object and print each element.

# Iterate over the elements of the range object
for element in array_of_numbers:


Alternatively, use list comprehension to generate the sequence with a single line of code.

# Use list comprehension to create a list of elements
array_list = [element for element in array_of_numbers]

[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]

The range() function is normally used for generating integer sequences efficiently. However, it’s important to note that the range() function cannot produce floating-point sequences or sequences with fractional step sizes. For such scenarios, alternative approaches like numpy.arange() can be more suitable.

Creating Arrays with NumPy’s arange() Function

The NumPy library provides an arange() function for generating arrays of sequential numbers. It allows you to create evenly-spaced sequences of numbers within a specified range.


import numpy as np
np.arange(start, stop, step, dtype)
startOptionalRepresents the starting value of sequence. Default value is 0.
stopRequiredRepresents the ending value (exclusive) of sequence.
stepOptionalRepresents the step size of sequence. Default value is 1.
dtypeOptionaldatatype of output array. If not specified, it would infer the datatype from the other input elements.

Here’s an example to demonstrate how we can use the arange() function to create arrays:

import numpy as np

# Generate an array of numbers from 1 to 12 with a step of 2
list_array = np.arange(1, 13, 2)

# Print the resulting array

# Print the type of resulting array
[ 1  3  5  7  9 11]
<class 'numpy.ndarray'>

The numpy.arange() function returns NumPy arrays, providing several advantages. One notable benefit is their support for vectorized operations and thus allowing you to apply operations to entire arrays without explicit loops. This feature enhances the performance and readability of numerical and scientific computations in Python.

Note: While the numpy.arange() function and the built-in range() function in Python serve similar purposes, they have differences that make each suitable for specific use cases. numpy.arange() allows the generation of arrays with floating-point values and non-integer step sizes. In contrast, range() only produces integer values and supports only integer steps.

User-Defined Function Approach

An alternative method is to create a custom function that takes the desired array length as a parameter. Within this user-defined function, you can use a loop to iteratively generate a sequence of numbers, starting from 0 and extending up to the specified length.

The following example illustrates how to create a customized function to generate an array:

def create_array(n):
    array = [i for i in range(n + 1)]
    return array

# Specify the desired length of the array
length = 10

#call the function and store the returned value into resulting_array variable.
resulting_array = create_array(length)

#display the final custom array
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

This method provides adaptability, allowing the creation of arrays with varying lengths and content. You can customize arrays based on specific requirements using this approach.

Creating Arrays with the Python array Module

The Python array module offers a straightforward way to create arrays with elements of the same data type. To create an array, two arguments are required. The first argument specifies the data type of the array (e.g., ‘i’ for integer), and the second argument contains the array’s elements. A diverse range of data types is available and can be explored further in the module documentation.

Here’s an example showcasing the use of the array module to generate arrays with various data types:

import array as arr

def display(arr):
    print("The array created consists of the following items:", end=" ")
    for item in arr:
        print(item, end=" ")

# Creating an array of integer datatype
arr1 = arr.array('i', [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10])

# Printing the array

# Creating an array of float datatype
arr2 = arr.array('d', [0.5, 5.21, 3.14])

# Printing the array
The array created consists of the following items: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
The array created consists of the following items: 0.5 5.21 3.14 

In this example, two arrays, arr1 and arr2, have been created, each containing elements of integer and floating-point data types, respectively. The display function is used to print the contents of the created arrays.


In conclusion, Python provides an array of solutions to create arrays spanning from 1 to N, ensuring flexibility and adaptability for various programming needs. Whether you opt for the simplicity of the range() function, the power of numpy.arange(), or the customization offered by the Python array module, the result is an array that seamlessly captures the numerical range from 1 to N. By understanding and utilizing these methods, Python developers can efficiently manage and manipulate data arrays. There are different operations that can be carried out on arrays, such as insertion, deletion, sorting arrays into ascending and descending order, etc. Try them on your own and Happy Coding!

If you have any queries regarding this topic or any other topic related to Python programming language, let us know in the comments or contact us.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *